Михаил Булгаков “Записки юного врача” и дифтерит

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Я писала о том, что посмотрела все вышедшие эпизоды “Записок юного врача” с Джоном Хэммом и Дэниэлом Рэдклиффом. И как раз сегодня прочитала рассказ из этих записок о том, как юный Булгаков проводил свою первую ампутацию в русском захолустье: “Полотенце с петухом”.

Самое интересное в рассказе – это комментарии В.И.Лосева. И читая комментарии о том, как Булгаков заразился диферитом, отсасывая пленки у больного ребенка, я вспомнила, как читала о подобном у Чехова. И вот что про дифтерию рассказывает нам NHS:

Vaccination

All children should be vaccinated against diphtheria as part of their routine childhood vaccination schedule. Adults should consider receiving a booster vaccine when travellingto parts of the world where diphtheria is widespread. See Diphtheria – prevention for more information and advice about the diphtheria vaccination.

How common is diphtheria?

Before a vaccination programme was introduced in 1940, diphtheria was a very common condition and one of the leading causes of death in children.

The vaccination programme has been very successful. In 2010, there were just eight recorded cases of diphtheria in England and Wales, and no deaths. Diphtheria is a notifiable disease, which means that if a doctor diagnoses the condition, they must tell the local authority.

Even though the incidence of diphtheria in England is low, there’s a risk that an outbreak could occur if the number of people who are vaccinated falls below a certain level.

This risk was demonstrated by the epidemic that struck the countries of the former Soviet Union between 1990 and 1998. It resulted in 157,000 cases and 5,000 deaths.

The epidemic was caused by an increase in the number of children who were not vaccinated against diphtheria.